Rashes in Newborns, What is the cause?

A rash is a noticeable change in the texture or colour of the skin. A rash on the skin makes the skin swollen, irritated, or inflamed. It can make your skin scaly, itchy, bumps like acne or skin burns.

Allergens, heat, and certain medical conditions can cause skin reactions like these. Some rashes occur immediately. However, some take time to appear.

It tends to occur on the face, arms, legs or body parts, which can be caused by various reasons. Most rashes are not dangerous, but they do cause discomfort, especially to young children.

Here are some things that can cause a rash to appear on the skin:

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1. Sun protection cream

Products like these offer valuable protection, but some of the content contained in them can cause problems if you have sensitive skin. Choose sunscreen without para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), a substance that may irritate.

For your child over six months old, use sunscreen to block UVA and UVB rays that have SPF 30 or more. Using sunscreen that contains zinc oxide is a good idea.

For infants under six months, it is best to consult a doctor before using any sunscreen.

2. Antibacterial soap

Theoretically, this soap is good. However, from the aspect of use, antibacterial soap may pose some risks. Triclosan, a common ingredient in soaps like this, may irritate sensitive skin individuals. To get rid of germs, washing hands with plain soap and water is enough.

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3. Moisturizing lotion

We are always interested in using creams for skincare, especially for baby skincare. But moisturizing lotions usually contain fragrances that can irritate the skin, especially to individuals and children who already have eczema.

For dry skin, use mild soap, avoid rubbing dry skin after bathing and consult a doctor or paediatrician for appropriate lotion recommendations.

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4. Wet tissue

Disposable wet tissue is one of the must-have items for parents who have small children. However, such tissues may contain alcohol and fragrances that can cause skin irritation. It is best to choose to use a damp cloth.

5. Detergent detergent soap

The chemicals found in some detergent products may cause skin irritation. It tends to occur in children with eczema. To avoid this, use a mild detergent without the addition of fragrances or dyes.

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6. Shampoo and conditioner

Check the label of the material before using it, especially on small children. Some fragrances and chemicals in shampoos and conditioners can cause problems for those with a sensitive scalp.

Research has found that substances such as phthalates, formaldehyde, and 1, 4 dioxanes are among the substances that tend to be harmful. As a safe measure, choose natural products with fragrance, chemicals and other ingredients in small quantities.

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7. Clothing softener

If you or your child has sensitive skin, you may need to avoid using a softener. Products like these contain chemicals and fragrances, such as limonene and benzyl acetate – that can cause inflammation of the skin, eyes, nose, and throat.

Alternatively, you can add half a cup of baking powder or half a cup of vinegar to the washing machine to keep the fabric soft.

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8. Home cleaning products

Do not just look at the uncontrolled ‘non-toxic’ label instead of reading the ingredients on home cleaning products.

Substances such as alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEs), which may be found in detergent and cleaning products, can cause hormonal problems. The ammonia content can cause inflammation of the lungs, burning of the skin, and poisoning if swallowed.

Look for products that contain little added chemicals, or you can clean the house using water and baking powder or vinegar.

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9. Preservatives

Even products specially labelled for babies, some soaps may contain formaldehyde, a preservative that can irritate the skin, eyes, and lungs. Soaps containing preservatives can also trigger eczema, one of the most irritating and itchy skin conditions, most common in infants and children, especially those with allergies or asthma.

It can be alarming when your baby develops a rash, especially if they seem sick, itchy, or uncomfortable. It can also be difficult to determine the cause of the rash. The good news is that rashes tend to be very treatable and aren’t usually serious. Many are even preventable and can be managed at home. If you’re concerned about your child’s rash, or the rash is accompanied by a fever, call your paediatrician. They can help how to treat it.

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